Session 209

Learning and Collaboration

Track I

Date: Monday, October 12, 2009

 

Time: 17:15 – 18:30

Paper

Room: Meeting Room 2


Session Chair:
John Hagedoorn, Maastricht University

Title: Do Patent Pools Actually Inhibit Instead of Enhance Systemic Innovation?

Authors

  • Amol Joshi, Oregon State University
  • Atul Nerkar, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Abstract: A unique form of R&D alliance, patent pools require regulatory approval due to concerns about excessive or inappropriate knowledge sharing leading to collusion among participating firms. Prior research on alliances, knowledge assets and competitive advantage implies that patent pools enhance innovation at the firm-level and industry-level. Using historical data on the global optical disc industry (1971 to 2007), we propose to examine the patenting activity of a population of firms before, during, and after patent pool formation. Our hypotheses suggest that the effect of pooling patents is to actually inhibit instead of enhance systemic innovation at both the firm-level and industry-level. We further expect to find that the inhibiting effect on innovation is different for Licensors and Licensees of the pool when compared to Non-Participants.

Title: Network Type, Industry and Knowledge Transfer

Authors

  • Koichiro Okamura, Kwansei Gakuin University

Abstract: This study examines the knowledge transfer in inter-organizational network. It compares two types of alliance networks: The technology alliance network and the research joint venture (RJV) network that are more strongly oriented toward R&D and characterized by higher appropriation concerns than the former. It also compares two industry groups that possess different characteristics from one another. It is found that more knowledge is transferred in the technology alliance network than in the RJV network. More knowledge is transferred in the industry group where knowledge is cumulative and difficult to learn than the other group. The findings provide several implications to both R&D managers and policymakers, which highlight a tension between the interests of private firms and public policy.

Title: Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed: The Effect of Triadic Network Ties on Exploitative and Exploratory Learning

Authors

  • Nicole Rosenkranz, ETH Zurich

Abstract: The mechanism of learning is central to the understanding of company’s ambidexterity. Drawing on social network theory, the notion of strong and weak ties in serving different learning needs has become central to inter-organizational learning. While various studies have focused on the effects of dyadic ties, so far, limited research has examined the effect social triads have on exploitative and exploratory learning. This paper seeks to critically examine the effects an organization’s direct strong and weak network ties have on its learning behavior in consideration of underlying, independent ties amongst the respective network partners. The main contribution of this article is demonstrated by proposing a 2-by-2 matrix on the cross-fertilization effects.

Title: The Strength of R&D Network Ties in High-Tech Sectors

Authors

  • John Hagedoorn, Maastricht University
  • Hans Van Kranenburg, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Danielle Cloodt, Maastricht University

Abstract: This paper studies the effect of inter-firm R&D network ties on the innovation performance of companies in a number of high-tech sectors. Returning to Granovetter’s seminal contribution, tie strength is analysed through a multidimensional perspective. We find that inter-firm R&D ties that are stronger in terms of their extent and depth, measured by the length and multitude of R&D partnerships and the degree of cooperation and similarity of ties, do indeed improve the innovation performance of companies. Interestingly, we find strong support for our understanding of the role of R&D network ties in the context of the run-of-the-mill innovation performance of companies. However, there is no support for this effect when innovation performance is operationalised in terms of the quality of innovation output.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 10:00 – 11:30
Session 264: Strategy in an Uncertain World: “Black Swan” Implications for K&I Scholars
Sun: 13:00 – 14:30
Session 265: The Changing Governance Landscape: Implications for Knowledge and Innovation Scholars
Sun: 15:00 – 16:30
Session 266: Integrating Theories of Problem Formation
Sun: 16:30 – 17:30
Session 313: Knowledge & Innovation, IG Meeting
Mon: 12:45 – 14:00
Session 201: 50th Anniversary of Penrose's (1959) The Theory of the Growth of the Firm
Session 212: Technological Innovation
Mon: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 218: Let the Knowledge Flow...
Session 223: Exploration and Novelty
Mon: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 209: Learning and Collaboration
Session 221: Innovation and Management Practice
Tue: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 202: Microfoundations of Knowledge and Learning
Session 235: Regulating the Market for Ideas: The Role of Communities, Norms, and Networks
Tue: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 203: Dynamic Capabilities
Session 224: Governing Knowledge
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 207: How Do Capabilities Develop?
Session 210: The Complex Roles of Experience
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 211: Knowledge Transfer
Session 215: Knowledge-Based Strategic Interaction
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 213: The Human Factor in Knowledge and Innovation
Session 219: Ambidexterity


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